Monday, 11 September 2017

12 Important Rules of Noun For Bank Exam 2017


NOUN

  • Noun is a name of a person, place or thing.
Or
  • Whatever we perceive by our physical eyes and feel through our senses is called Noun.


  • किसी व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान , गुण, कार्य, या अवस्था के नाम को संज्ञा कहा जाता है


TYPES OF NOUN  ‘संज्ञा के प्रकार’




 

1.
Proper Noun
व्यक्तिवाचक
2.
Common Noun
जातिवाचक
3.
Collective Noun
समूहवाचक
4.
Material Noun
द्रव्यवाचक
5.
Abstract Noun
भाववाचक



1. Proper :- It represents the Name of a specific Person, Place or thing (Unique) & begins with a capital letter. 

Example :- Ram, Neha, India, Delhi, Asia etc.




2. Common Noun :-  It represents the category to which a person, place & things belongs.

Example :- Boy, Girl, City, Continent, Animal, Book, Mobile etc.



3. Collective noun :- It refers to a Group of People, animals or things.

Example :- Team, Crowd, Jury, Bunch, Committee etc.



4. Material noun :-  It is used to name Material / Substances with which something is made.  

Example :- Gold, Silver, Cotton, Wood, Diamond etc
i.e.-The Necklace is made of Gold.



5. Abstract Noun :-  It is used to name Emotions, Ideas, Feeling, Quality, Action, State.That has no physical Existence.

“यह छुआ और देखा नहीं जा सकता है, सिर्फ महसूस किया जा सकता है”

Example :- Honesty, love, Fear, Bravery, Sincerity etc.





IMPORTANT RULES OF NOUN:- 





Rule 1 :- कुछ Nouns का प्रयोग हमेशा Plural Form में ही होता है, क्योंकि वे दिखने में भी Plural होते हैं। और उनका प्रयोग  Plural Verbs के साथ होता है, इन Nouns के अंत में लगे S  को हटाकर Singular नहीं बना सकते हैं |


Example :- Scissors, Tongs, Wages, Riches, Gallows, Regards .

I.e.- Where is my pants? (Wrong)
Where are my pants? (Right)



Rule 2 :- कुछ Nouns दिखने में Singular होते हैं, लेकिन अर्थ मैं Plural होते हैं| इनका Use हमेशा Plural Verbs मैं ही होता है, इनके साथ S या ES लगाकर इन्हें  Plural बनाना अनिवार्य नहीं है |


Example :-  News, Billiards, Athletics, Innings, Politics, Physics, Mumps, Measles,  Economics, Summons, Mathematics Etc.

I.e.- Politics are a dirty game. (Wrong)

Politics is a dirty game. (Right)



Rule 3 :- कुछ Nouns दिखने में Singular होते हैं, लेकिन अर्थ में Plural होते हैं| इनका Use हमेशा Plural Verbs मैं ही होता है, इनके साथ S या ES लगा कर इन्हें Plural बनाना अनिवार्य नहीं है|



Example :- People, Folk,  Cattle,  Public, Poultry, Children, Police, Cavalry, Infantry, Gentry, Peasantry Etc.

I.e.- The Cattle Is Grazing In The Field. (Wrong)

Cattle  Are Grazing In The Field. (Right)



Rule 4 :- कुछ Nouns ऐसे हैं, जो दिखते भी  Singular है और होते भी  Singular है| इनके साथ A/AN का  Use भी नहीं किया जाता है |


We Cannot Make Them Plural Using ‘s’  or ‘es’.  They Are Uncountable.


Example :-  Scenery, Poetry, Furniture, Advice, Information, Hair, Business, Bread, Stationery, Luggage, Baggage, Postage, Knowledge, Wastage,  Jewellery,  Breakage,  Work, Evidence, Fuel, Cost, Equipment ,Mischief,  Traffic, Alphabet  Etc.


I.e.- His Hair Are Black. (Wrong)
     His Hair Is Black. (Right)



Rule 5 :- If Some Word Is Given Before The Noun Of Rule-4,  Which Shows Plurality Then We Will Use Some Extra  Word Before These Nouns.



Example :- Pieces of, Articles of, Kinds of, Types of, Slices of,

Items of,  Etc.



I.e.- He Gave Me All Pieces Of Information.
     He Ate Two Slices Of Bread.



Rule 6 :- Hyphenated Noun का प्रयोग कभी भी Plural Form मैं नहीं होता है |


Example :- a) He Gave Me Two  Hundred-rupees Notes. (Wrong)

   He Gave Me Two  Hundred-rupee Notes. (Right)

b) He Stays In Five-Stars hotels. (Wrong)

   He Stays In Five-Star Hotels. (Right)



Rule 7 :- यदि किसी Noun के बाद  Preposition का प्रयोग हो, और फिर वही  Noun  Repeat हो तो वह  ‘Noun’ Singular Form  में होना चाहिए|



Example :- a) Town After Town Were  Devastated. (Wrong)

  Town After Town  Was  Devastated.  (Right)

b) Ship After Ship Are Arriving. (Wrong)
   Ship After Ship Is Arriving.  (Right)




Rule 8 :- Some Nouns Are Used In Singular Form. When  Definite Numeral Adjective Are Used Before Them.




Example :-   Dozen, Hundred, Thousand, Million, Pair, Score, Stone, Gross,  Billion Etc.


I.e.- I have two pairs of shoes. (Wrong)
     I have two pair of  shoes. (Right)

NOTE :-  यदि इनके साथ Indefinite Countable का प्रयोग हो तो इन्हें   Pluralise किया जाता है |



Example :- Dozens of Women, Hundreds of People, Millions of Dollars, Scores of Shops, Many Pair of  Shoes, etc.

I.e.- He donated million of rupees. (Wrong)

He donated millions of rupees. (Right)



USE OF NOUN IN POSSESSIVE CASE 







Rule 9 :- Living Nouns के साथ ‘s’ और  Non-living Noun के साथ ‘OF’ का प्रयोग करते हैं|


I.e.- a) My Room’s Roof Is Leaking Badly. (Wrong)

 The Roof Of My Room Is Leaking Badly. (Right)

b) The Wife Of Rahul Is Very Beautiful.(Wrong)
  Rahul’s Wife Is Very Beautiful. (Right)



Rule 10 :- In Case Of Transferring Relation ‘s’ Cannot Be Used With Two Nouns Side By Side.



I.e.- My friend's sister's son is a doctor. (Wrong)

The son of my friend’s sister is a doctor. (Right)



Rule 11 :- With compound noun also ‘s’ is used with the last noun.



I.e.- This is my brother’s-in-law house. (Wrong)

This is my brother-in-law’s house. (Right)




Rule 12 :- यदि Plural शब्द का  last letter (s) है तो  apostrophe का use करते वक्त (s) नहीं लगाते हैं,  केवल apostrophe (‘) का ही use करते हैं|


I.e.- I went to boys’s hostel. (Wrong)

     I went to boys’ hostel. (Right)

NOTE :-  Possessive Pronoun ( His, Hers, Yours, Ours, Theirs) के साथ Apostrophe नहीं लगाते हैं|

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